Monday Oct. 31st- Sir Francis Bacon helped to develop the Scientific Method process in the early 1600's, which is still used today in modern times.
Tuesday Nov. 1st-
Two important thinkers of the Enlightenment that had a lasting impact upon our nation: John Locke- natural rights (Declaration of Independence) and Montesquieu (separation of powers within the US Constitution)
Thursday Nov. 3rd-
Montesquieu's thinking about separation of powers influenced the writers of the US Constitution. His thoughts about this subject have left a lasting legacy upon many nations around the world.
Friday Nov. 4th-
Revolution = change .
Prepare for your quiz on the Enlightenment/ Scientific Revolution( use notes/trivia)
Monday Nov.7th- Modern Day Revolutionary Figures Today:
For her 18th birthday on July 12, 2015, Malala opened a school for Syrian refugee girls in Lebanon. The expenses were covered by the Malala Fund. The school is designed to admit nearly 200 girls from the ages of 14 to 18. "Today on my first day as an adult, on behalf of the world's children, I demand of leaders that we must invest in books instead of bullets."
Tuesday Nov. 8th- No School Today!!!
Wed. Nov. 9th-Magna Carta (1215) was the basis of modern day democracy in England which gave free men the right to have a fair trail and made the King of England more accountable for his actions.
During the Glorious Revolution, the English Bill of Rights (1689) listed the basic rights of Englishmen. This document, will help the US in the future to "revolution"--- ask for change since they felt their rights as English citizens were not being met.
Thursday Nov. 10th - Veterans Day Facts
-Originally known as Armistice Day after WWI
- Department of Defense employs 1.8 million people!!! (one of the largest US employers!!!)
- US Marine Corp motto "Semper Fidelis" means always faithful
- US Army was in charge of helping to map the Lewis and Clark expedition to the west (1804)
Monday Nov. 14th- Who would have said this???
. . reason . . . teaches all mankind . . . that being all equal . . . no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions . . .”
From----- Second Treatise on Civil Government, 1690
Tuesday Nov. 15th- Almost 600,000 migrants have made way into EU(European Union) so far this year. One of the most popular destinations in Europe is Germany, Hungary is a close second. Most migrants are coming into these new areas due to conflicts in Syria, and Afghanistan.
Wed. Nov. 16th- The French & Indian War doubled England's debt after 1763! The 13 colonies were asked to help pay for the cost of the war... so the King of England/Parliament came up with a new way to raise money to pay off the war debt-taxation! The cry of the colonists became "no taxation without representation!" since no one was representing their interest over in England. Many people felt their rights were being taken away which had expanded upon in the Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights.
Thursday Nov. 17th- The Declaration of Independence was a task that was given to a "committee" of 5 men to write. The document was not officially signed on July 4, 1776(adoption date)---- it was about a month later before some of the signers began to approve it. The signing process took over 5 years to complete due to the American Revolution, & some never actually signed it.
Friday Nov. 18th- The Declaration of Independence was written mostly by Thomas Jefferson. Thomas Jefferson studied the works of John Locke, the Enlightenment thinker and made sure to put in the concept of natural rights into our Declaration of Independence.
" We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain inalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness."
-Thomas Jefferson writer of the Declaration of Independence 1776
Tuesday Nov. 22nd- "That whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institue new Government, laying foundation on such principles..."- Thomas Jefferson writer of the Declaration of Independence 1776
Tuesday Nov. 25th- The Preamble of the Declaration of Independence (introduction) begins as...
"When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another..." - Thomas Jefferson 1776
Monday Nov. 28th- The Olive Branch Petition (1775) was the last effort of the 13 colonies to seek understanding from King GeorgeIII of England. The Olive Branch is a universal symbol of peace. In this letter to the King of England, the colonies confirmed loyalty to England, and asked the king to address grievances. Once the letter reached the King, he refused to read it!!! August 1775
Tuesday Nov 29th- The Declaration of Independence marks the breaking away of the 13 colonies with England in July of 1776. The Treaty of Paris ended the American Revolution in 1783, the USA was officially recognized as a newly independent nation.
Wed. Nov. 30th- Before the French Revolution in 1789, French society was grouped into 3 social classes- First Estate-Clergy(priests), Second Estate-Nobles (members of royal family), Third Estate- peasants, farmers, bourgeoisie(middle class). The Third Estate made up 96% of French population and they had few rights and privileges.
Thursday Dec. 1st- Montesquieu (separation of powers within the US Constitution- 1787) Enlightenment thinking ideas impacting our government structures--- creating the 3 branches of government that we still have today (judical, legislative, executive branches). The ideas that are used the Declaration of Independence (democratic thinking) are the foundation for the US Constitution as well.
Friday Dec. 2nd- King Louis XVI was so upset to hear about the creation of the National Assembly during the Estates General meeting in 1789 that he "locked" the group out of the meeting hall. They had their own meeting on the Tennis Courts (June 20, 1789) ---and made an oath not to leave until a French Constitution had been created.
Monday Dec. 5th-King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette both faced the ultimate crisis in 1793--- death by guillotine. This deadly time was known as Reign of Terror in France.
Tuesday Dec. 6th-
Napoleon brought an end to the French Revolution in 1804 and brought changes to the country with the Napoleonic Code. This code made life easier for people in France by setting up basic rights (vote), freedom of religion, opportunity to own land, etc.
Wed. Dec. 7th- The Declaration of Human Rights of Man (1789) written during the French Revolution served as inspiration for the UN document- Universal Declaration of Human Rights- which lists the basic rights that all people are entitled to (1948)
Thursday Dec. 8th- none due to field trip (short class) make sure that you enter all quiz information on City of Ember and Review quiz links for Wed and Thurs.
Friday Dec.9th- The Industrial Revolution began in England about 1760 and spread to the rest of Europe and the United States through the early 1800's. It is called a "revolution" because it caused great and sudden changes that dramatically affected the way people worked and lived.
Monday Dec. 12th- Industrial Revolution- switch from handmade goods to machine made goods beginning around 1750-1760 in England. People left the farm life and moved to find work in the cities.
Tuesday Dec. 13th- prep for the assessment this morning!!!!
Wed. Dec. 14th- England was a leader in the production of cotton cloth. Before the Industrial Revolution most of the production of cotton cloth occurred in cottage industries- cotton fibers were spun in homes(cottages) by the weavers/spinners in order to make thread on the spinning wheel. Women did the spinning and men did the weaving. The thread was collected after it was spun and took it to the weavers, who then wove the cloth on their looms.
Thursday Dec. 15th- Famous inventions of the Industrial Revolution:
- Eli Whitney (Cotton Gin- 1793)
- James Watt (Steam Engine- 1769)
- John Kay ( Flying Shuttle- 1733)
- James Hargreaves (Spinning Jenny- 1764)
- Henry Bessemer (Bessemer Furnace)
Friday Dec. 16th- What are some of your favorite holiday traditions?
Wed. Jan. 4th- During the Industrial Revolution, children of England between the ages of 4-8 were trained to sweep chimneys. The smaller the child, the higher the price they could be sold to do the job: This was a dirty, filthy job. Children would often develop sores and bruises along elbows, knees, etc from working in chimneys.
Thursday Jan. 5th- Children who worked in the coal mines often spent 10 or more hours in the dark in the depths of the mines in dangerous conditions.
Friday Jan. 6th- Poorhouse=Workhouse for the poor, those without any place to go would recieve an uniform as they entered worked in the worst jobs ever--- more information in video clip to follow
Monday - The only successful slave revolt that resulted in revolution was in the area which we now call Haiti--- this was a French controlled area(St. Dominique) before revolution. Toussaint L'Ouverture led the fight for creating this new nation (1791-1804)
Tuesday - Monroe Doctrine (1823) created by President James Monroe warning to European nations to stay of out Central and South American affairs.
Thursday Jan. 12-
The World’s Fair originated in England. The first World’s Fair, known as the Great Exhibition of 1851, was held in London and included 32 nations from Europe, North America, Africa, and the Far East. It was designed to teach people about machines and products being produced around the world and demonstrate the benefits of industrial progress. One of the most impressive structures built for the exhibition was the Crystal Palace. The Palace attracted approximately 6 million visitors!
Friday Jan. 13 - Martin Luther King Jr. -----
He is the only non-president to have a national holiday dedicated in his honor, and is the only non-president memorialized on the Great Mall in the nation’s capitol. He is memorialized in hundreds of statues, parks, streets, squares, churches and other public facilities around the world as a leader whose teachings are increasingly-relevant to the progress of humankind- working for equality for all groups of people.
Wed. Jan. 18th- The inauguration of the US President occurs every 4 years according to the US Constitutional requirements. This marks the formal transition of power between the outgoing and incoming Presidents. This inauguration in 2017 will be # 58.
Thursday Jan. 19th- Until 1936, the Presidential Inauguration was held on March 4th. Congress passed the 20th Amendment to the US Constitution which changed the date to Jan. 20th--- so that the outgoing President/incoming President would not have such a long time to wait to transition to power/leave.
Friday Jan. 20th- One tradition that many incoming Presidents observe is to chose words they speak /actions that they take on Inauguration Day in opening speech as the driving force behind their upcoming Presidential goals.
The Luddites were English textile artisans who protested against the introduction of machines that threatened to replace human labor force (1811-1817) Luddite protests sometimes became violent in some instances, with fighting with the British Army.
Jan. 23rd Monday - Victorian Era was named after the Queen of England, Queen Victoria who was one of longest ruling queens in England's history from ( 1837 to 1901). During her reign England experienced the Industrial Revolution, and England empire spanned across the globe. She was made Empress of India.