4th Nine WEeks Trivia
Tuesday March 28th-
Mein Kampf, "My struggle" is an autobiography by Adolph Hitler. In this book, he outlined his plans for Germany and laid out his political thinking (philosophy). The book was published in 1925, 1926 (volumes 1 & 2). By 1930 both volumes were published together in a "book".
Wed. March 29th- Number the Stars trivia information
Thursday March 30th- By 1923, Hitler had become the leader of the Nazi Party, his first attempt to take over the government ended in disaster-- ended up in prison for his actions, this is where he wrote Mein Keimp, his autobiography.
Friday March 31st- Inflation in Germany- a good example of how Hitler was able to take command
- 1914 $1 = 4 marks
- 1921 $1= 191 marks
- 1923 $1= 4.2 billion marks
Monday April 3rd- Mussolini took over the Italian government in 1922 and was the leader of the nation until 1943.
Tuesday April 4th- Stalin led the USSR during WWII. He sided with the Axis Powers early in WWII. But, when Hitler ordered the invasion of USSR in June 1941, Stalin switched alliances and helped with the Allies war effort from that point forward.
Wed. April 5th- Emperor Hirohito was the leader of Japan from 1926 until 1989. At the end of WWII, with the Japanese surrender, his role shifted to be of a more "symbolic" leader. General MacArthur led the transition to a more democratic nation.
Thursday April 6th- Winston Churchill was the leader of Great Britain during WWII. Under his leadership, England was not invaded by the Germans during WWII, when several nations had been placed under total Nazi control.
Friday April 7th- Emperor Hirohito (1926-1989)was the "official leader" of Japan during WWII. Japan became ultra-nationalist & militarist in the days leading up to WWII. Japan had formed an alliance with Germany and launched the attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
Monday April 10th- TORA! TORA! TORA!- the Japanese code word for the attack on Pearl Harbor- Dec. 7th, 1941. The word in Japanese means (tiger), but the reference is to a "lightning attack".
- Superheroes in WWII? Yes, we had them--- not only the soldiers who fought bravely but many of the superheroes that we watch in movies today were created in the years leading up to WWII. Captain America, Superman, Batman, Wonder Woman--- just to name a few...
Tuesday April 11th- Some of the battleships that were sunk by the Japanese at the attack on Pearl Harbor were resurrected and put back into use by the US Navy--- the USS Arizona is the permanent memorial for remembrance of the day- Dec. 7, 1941.
Elvis Presley held a benefit concert in order to raise money for the USS Arizona Memorial. This concert raised over $64,000, which was more than 10% of the final cost. The concert was on March 25, 1961. The memorial was dedicated May 30, 1962.
Wed. April 12th- Albert Einstein's research and formula E=mc(squared) helped to form the basis of development of the atomic bomb. Einstein wrote to FDR encouraging the funding of the development of uranium before that Germany could get to it first. Ironically, he did not assist in the development of the Manhattan Project.
Thurs. April 13th- What did the US know about the Holocaust?
The US govt. had intentionally limited the number of immigrants that were allowed to migrate into the US. In 1939, the quota allowed for 27,370 German citizens to immigrate to the United States. In 1938, more than 300,000 Germans-mostly Jewish refugees-had applied for U.S. visas (entry permits). A little over 20,000 applications were approved. FDR's Sec. of Labor suggested that priority should be given to those who were seeking refuge, but it was not approved. In 1944, FDR set up a War Refugee Board which helped to save 200,000 people.
- World War II called upon the Red Cross to provide extensive services once again to the U.S. military, Allies, and civilian war victims.
-104,000 nurses for military service
- 27 million packages for American and Allied prisoners of war
- shipped over 300,000 tons of supplies overseas.
-At the military’s request, the Red Cross also initiated a national blood program that collected 13.3 million pints of blood for use by the armed forces.
- Did you know the creator of the 007 series- Ian Fleming (books, then in the future-movies) helped England during WWII? He served as an undercover agent for the British during WWII--- yes MI6 was a real code name that was used in WWII to describe the Secret Intelligence Agency.
V-E Day (Victory in Europe) May 8, 1945, the war with Europe was over--- crowds gathered &celebrated in cities all over the world.
Japan was effectively preventing US in the Pacific from claiming air bases for major bombing plane raids. Iwo Jima (March 1945) was secured by US Marines in a 36 day long event--- a memorial today honors the flag raising in Washington DC by 6 Marines--- you can read more about their story in our media center.
Monday April 24th- Otto Frank moved his family to the Netherlands in order to keep them safe from the harsh German treatment that many Jews in Germany were experiencing, sadly, after "Blitzkrieg" Germany had taken over this area as well.
Tuesday April 25th- By 1941, Hitler had ordered all Jews to wear the yellow star of David as a way to identify Jews-- Only King Christian X of Denmark, stated that he would wear one himself--- Germany was not able to enforce the law in Denmark.
Wed. April 26th-Organizations created after WWII:
1. United Nations
2. World Health Organization
3. Nation of Israel
Thursday April 27th- The United Nations was created in June of 1945 to work for peace, security, climate change, human rights, humanitarian interests, etc. The organization is headquartered in New York.
Friday April 28th- Nuremberg Trials were the first international war crimes trials- crimes against humanity... This event helped to create an international court-via the United Nations, which is located in The Hague, Netherlands.
Monday May 1-The Cold War Era 1945 to 1991- two superpower nations, USA and USSR were in constant competition in many ways--- political, economic, technology, military- (arms race)
Tuesday May 2nd- Non School Day!!!!
Wed. May 3rd- Germany divided into 2 parts East and West Germany in 1949. The Berlin Wall was built in 1961 and remained in place until Nov. 1989.
Thursday May 4th- Cold War conflicts--Korean War, Vietnam War, Afghanistan
Friday May 5th-The Korean War is often referred to as the "forgotten war". (1950-1953).
Monday May 8th- The Peace Corps was created during the JFK administration in 1961 with the purpose of promoting cooperation between nations.
Tuesday May 9th- Interstate highway funding was accomplished by President Eisenhower-- roads now linked across the US and the growth of US cities took off! Interstate highways were originally called National System of Interstate and Defense Highways-- long straight stretches of interstates could be used to land planes, or easy evacuation of people in case of atomic bomb attack.
Wed. May 10th-The fear of communism spreading into US government was real. Suspicions spread rapidly and people everywhere were being accused , this became known as the "Red Scare".
Thurs. May 11th- China became a communist nation in 1949 headed by Mao Zedong. The nationalists lost the conflict, and they set up a rival government on the island of Taiwan. The transfer of power to the communists came in 1997 when they had control of Taiwan via treaty agreements that had been worked out years earlier.
Friday May 12th- Log into State test prep activity
Monday May 15th- Siberia (also known as Northern Asia, geographically) contains 77 % of the land of Russia, but only 3 percent of its people!!!! It is one of the most sparsely populated nations in the world. Most of the population lives in the South along the Trans-Siberian Railway.
Tuesday May 16th- The origin of the name -"sleeping land" Siberia. Summer is only about 1 month in the Northern most portion of Siberia--- Southern section of Siberia summer temps can reach 66 degrees, winter temps in the North are below zero temps!!!!
Wed. May 17th- China's communist party was begun in 1921 and inspired by the revolution that had occurred in Russia in 1917. The leadership relied on the ideas of Karl Marx (Communist Manifesto).
Thursday May 18th- Mao led the movement to industrialize the nation of China- Great Leap Forward. (1958) This was in preparation for the nation to be ready for communist government transition.
Friday May 19th- The Cultural Revolution was a youth based movement that was to encourage communist ideals after the failure of the Great Leap Forward Plan.